This year, our Year of Coexistence has led you through stories about Defenders’ work to support the sharing of landscapes between people and wildlife. When these landscapes contain cattle or sheep, Defenders’ efforts center around using non-lethal management interventions (like range riders, guard dogs, and fladry) to keep both livestock and imperiled predators (like wolves or grizzly bears) separate and safe. But how do we decide where and when we use these interventions so they are most effective? This is an open question that managers often answer through trial and error. To assist managers with these decisions, Defenders is developing science-based tools that build on our understanding of animal behavior and ecology to figure out how to put human-wildlife coexistence into practice. Read more about these tools here!