AN ACT To provide for the conservation of endangered and threatened species of fish, wildlife, and plants, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the ‘‘Endangered Species Act of 1973’’.
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Section 2: FINDINGS, PURPOSES, AND POLICY (a) FINDINGS The Congress finds and declares that—
(1) various species of fish, wildlife, and plants in the United States have been rendered extinct as a consequence of economic growth and development untempered by adequate concern and conservation;
(2) other species of fish, wildlife, and plants have been so depleted in numbers that they are in danger of or threatened with extinction;
(3) these species of fish, wildlife, and plants are of esthetic, ecological, educational, historical, recreational, and scientific value to the Nation and its people;
DEFINITIONS For the purposes of this Act
(1) The term ‘‘alternative courses of action’’ means all alternatives and thus is not limited to original project objectives and agency jurisdiction.
(2) The term ‘‘commercial activity’’ means all activities of industry and trade, including, but not limited to, the buying or selling of commodities and activities conducted for the purpose of facilitating such buying and selling: Provided, however, That it does not include exhibitions of commodities by museums or similar cultural or historical organizations.